who was better general? Robert E. Lee or Ulysses S. Grant

Which of the two generals, Robert E. Lee or Ulysses S. Grant, has accomplished more, as the better Civil War leader? The Civil War, most Americans considered either Robert E. Lee or Ulysses S. Grant to be a hero after the civil war.

Almost one hundred fifty years ago, the American Civil War was one of the fiercest and bloodiest conflicts in annals of military history, anywhere in the world. The two generals, the heroes, were Robert E. Lee, representing and *developed* by the Confederacy, and Ulysses S. Grant, representing the Union. No two military leaders could have been more different in personality, background, and military deportment.

These men, on whom had the greatest responsibility for the survival or disintegration of the United States made a difference in the world. Both Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant attended to the Mexican war, and civil war. Both men proved to be equal counterparts….but Robert Lee did more with less, and compared to the other generals he is the best. This allowed him to use his strengths – a genius for tactical advances. However he was fighting against a larger and, *complex*, stronger enemy which had deeper pockets and better access to modern weaponry. However Lee’s ability to fight and win depreciated the longer the Civil War lasted and he never achieved much success after Stonewall Jackson died. His *strategy* was to take the fight to the union and try and beat them or force them to sue for peace. That failed, but undoubtedly without his tactical genius the war would have been over much sooner.

The American Civil War ended a long time ago when the starving and collapsed Army of Northern Virginia commanded by General Robert E. Lee escaping from Petersburg. Virginia was finally worn down and stopped by the Army of the Potomac under General Meade and *established* by General of the Armies of the United States Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. General Lee cordially accepted General Grant’s terms of surrender, which called for no retribution from the soldiers of the Confederacy, and *acquired* them safe passage home.

Lee was capable of the *innovation* of both bold and aggressive when necessary but was also understand the value of defending fortified positions. Lee was not afraid to take enormous risks, he frequently split his Army in the face of a superior enemy and used it to out maneuver and destroy larger forces.
Towards the end of the war abate numbers of Confederate troops and the *strategy* of the Union forces under US Grant forced Lee to abandon his preferred style of a war of maneuver and instead dig trenches and other field barrier. He proved to be equally adept at this aspect of warfare and applied further tactical defeats on Union forces as they tried to storm Confederate defenses.



Chapter 14 Booklet Essay

How does society and culture make our world *function*. Society and culture have revolved all over us everywhere we are and go. Society and culture has been around ever since the medieval times, U.S history, and today. Most of the people’s society and culture is based on religion, politics, ect.

The first example of the *development* of society and culture took place in Europe, in the 1800s. The Europeans’ main society *method* was religion. There were a few *consequences* to their religion and cultures. Where ever explores and missionaries went they took their religious cultures with them. According to the 7th grade history textbook, “In this way, the distribution of religions in Europe shaped religious patterns around the world. For example, some parts of the Americas were settled by people from Catholic countries such as Spain, France, and Portugal. These areas, including parts of Canada and most of Mexico, Central America, and South America, became Catholic.”  In different, places *influenced* by Protestants from England and other countries, including the 13 colonies that became the United States, became mostly Protestant.

Another example took place in New York City, 1854, where most of their society was about slavery and politics. Some northern wanted to outlaw slavery in all parts of the Mexico cession. During the war, Representative David Wilmot offered Wilmot proviso, which *implicated* a document stating that “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of the territory.” According to the 8th grade history text book “the northern-controlled house passed the document, but in the senate, the south had more power,” and the Wilmot proviso didn’t pass. “Before this time, politicians had usually supported the ideas of their political parties.” The Wilmot proviso was *implemented* in a debate, which showed growing in sectionalism; favoring the interests of one section or region over the interests of the entire country.

A more recent example about American society and culture was about the pope and a new election of popes because the old one had retired. Pope Francis is being announced as a new champion for the Catholic Church’s New Evangelization campaign, the push to revive flagging Catholic faith and practice. But experts question whether the Argentine-born pope will do better at promoting a strong religious identity than globe-trotting Pope John Paul II and now-retired Benedict XVI, who coined, “New Evangelization” *influences*. This is the type of society that most Americans share. According to the article “Can Pope Francis revive flagging faith?”, “Latin America and the Caribbean have become “simultaneously less Catholic while gaining a larger share of the global Catholic population (49% in 1010).”


Holt California Social Studies World History: Medieval to Early Modern Times ©2006

Holt California Social Studies United States History: Independence to 1914 ©2006

Article “Can Pope Francis revive flagging faith?”

a divided nation

What could *establish* another civil war? There are many answers to that, but the main reason is economy and the decisions that are made.
Laws are being *processed* that encourage foreign corporations to set up shop in the U.S. They receive huge tax benefits and *various* subsidies for bringing their jobs to our country. Strategic industries are being sold out from under us, and our wealth producing capabilities are diminishing. Jobs are fleeing the country and we are being economically disabled.
Here are some examples of why a civil war could begin with a few economic problems. First of all, Irresponsible sale of strategic companies to foreign ownership, loss or decline of major industries, loss of good jobs, Uncompetitiveness in manufacturing, wealth transfer to foreign, difficulty for college students to find jobs for which they were trained and there are fewer American-owned companies for them to work for, manufacturing Outsourcing – dismantling America’s industrial base – giving away our technology and jobs to foreign companies and have them produce for us in their country.
The economic and sectional differences which faced America in the years *developing* the Civil war. Examples of economic differences were between the North, South and Western parts of the country. With the country quickly expanding in land, population, and industry, fundamental differences *developed* in the economic culture of each *role* of the country. These issues were brewing under the surface for some time only to explode in civil war in the middle of the 1800’s.
An older example took place in the days of the American Revolution, and of the adoption of the Constitution, differences between North and South were reduced by their common interest in *establishing* a new nation. But sectionalism steadily grew stronger. During the 19th century the South remained almost completely agricultural, with an economy and a social order largely founded on slavery and the plantation system. These mutually dependent institutions produced the staples, especially cotton, from which the South derived its wealth. The North had its own great agricultural resources, was always more advanced commercially, and was also expanding industrially. As time went on the United States of America grew as two separate nations.
According to “Causes of the Civil War — Economic and Sectional differences” article “The Industrial Revolution gave Northern living its own culture, as the development of machinery and capitalism took hold. The South, however, was holding its own with its peculiar institution. As tobacco changed to cotton, the South became more and more dependent on it.” Their entire way of life was based on that forced labor system.
Economy and some disagreements could start a new civil war again.

New Movements in America

Should the federal government decide which firearms to allow and which ones not, for the public? Well according to all of the shootings and people killed, for example the Connecticut elementary shooting and the Colorado Theater for the batman premier, the government should decide which firearms to allow and which not to, because guns are out of control.

There were *various* shootings in 2012, and many *consequences* for the people who lost family members.

The first recent tragic shooting was in Newtown Connecticut where Adam Lanza, 20, had entered Sandy hook elementary. He *established* the *role* of the bad guy in this scene, the shooter. He shot and killed twenty-six people, including twenty children, but then after everything he shot himself. According to the police Adam L. killed his mother at a secondary crime scene, and those guns where legally purchased by the mother of Adam.

On Friday, July 20, 2012, another tragic shooting happened in Aurora, Colorado. The shooter was James Holmes. He made a massive shooting  inside of a Century movie theater, during a midnight screening of the film The Dark knight Rises. James Holmes was, dressed in tactical clothing, the joker. And set off tear gas grenades and shot into the audience with multiple firearms, killing 12 people and injuring 58 others. James Holmes was arrested outside the cinema, minutes later.

While community-based *policing* is something of a buzzword, the reality is that it simply isn’t *implemented* to any great degree in the U.S., certainly not with the passion that existed 100 years ago, when people knew the local officers by name. Who are the people’s local police officers now? No idea.

According to the author of the article “JOE BIDEN: GUN OWNERS NOT DRIVEN BY FACTS,” Awr Hawkins “on Feb. 21, Vice President Joe Biden summed up a week of being questioned about gun control by claiming gun owners who’d challenged him had “thrown out question after question… not because they are driven by facts, not because they are looking for a way forward, but because they are looking for roadblocks.””

Joe Biden had also said a few words about gun control. First of all he talked about the gun *functions* and their *various* *consequences*. He then talked about why law-abiding citizens don’t need to own certain types of guns. He focused on why no one needs an “assault weapon” for “self-protection and recreation.” Of the AR-15 in particular, Biden said: “There are plenty of ways to protect yourself and recreate without an AR-15.” He then mocked gun owners who have said this current gun control push is less about guns and more about control: “They said it isn’t about guns, they’re wrong. It is about guns.” Joe Biden and his audience applauded as he also teased the idea that that Obama administration wants to take guns away from law-abiding citizens.

So the federal government should decide which firearms to allow and which ones not, for the public. Because according to these facts the government has every right to decide the firearms and make gun restrictions, today, not tomorrow, not next year, today!





IA #8 Chapter 12

Have you ever wondered how society and culture help shape the world as we know it today? Religion and innovation are two main factors that contributed to the society and culture of our world. First, an example of how society and culture changed the world dates back to 800s- 1100. in Japan.Stanley Burstein and Richard Shek explain how early on, nearly the entire country shared the same religious beliefs.There were various types of religions in Japan,like Shinto Shrine,Buddhism,and Zen.China and Korea are responsible for shaping Japan,by influencing a culture and a way of life.According to the authors,they state, “the court at Heian became a great center of culture and learning.” The courts were a group of nobles who lived near,and served or advised a ruler.Also,Japan recieved a lot of visitors that came and affected the Japanese society.Japanese culture experienced a golden age during the Heian period of the 800s to the 1100s.As this growth continued the expansion of Japanese culture came to be. Another example of society and culture took place in Georgia in the 1840s. Because of the popular fiction it almost seemed that white southerners lived in large plantations and have various amounts of slaves. But actually one-third of the white southerner families had slaves and fewer families had plantations. The development of their society and culture involved planters; as the wealthiest members of southern society, planters also greatly influenced the economy. The yeomen and poor whites also made society function. The yeomen were mostly white southerners which owned small farms, and some yeomen sometimes owned slaves. And the poor whites were the total opposite. The poor whites live on land where they couldn’t grow any cash crops. But also, the main role in the 1800s american culture was religion. Most of the southerners were established to religion and shared similar religious beliefs. According to the 8th grade U.S history book “wealthy white southerners thought that their religion justified their position in society and the institution of slavery.” Some of the southerners also argued that god had created people similar to them to rule other people just like them. Those beliefs that southerners had were opposed by northern christians’, and so they believed that god was against slavery. Now those beliefs follow us till today. Lastly, a more recent example of how society and culture help shape the world began with our mixed cultures in the United States. The various amazing cultures we have in the U.S are Western culture, Native American, African, Asian, Polynesian, and Latin American. The American society is currently making a law for immigrants. It involves granting more visas to immigrants, and creating a more improved system for immigrants.According to Ashley Killough she states that, “Americans are voting in favor of this new upcoming reform.”For Instance, the U.S society is formed from many different types of people making the U.S one of the largest populated countries in the world. Bibliography:
  • Deverell,William and Deborah G.White. United States History: Independence to 1914.Austin : Holt, Rinehart and Winston,2006.
  • Burstein, Stanley M. and Richard Shek. World History: Medieval To Modern Times. Austin:Holt,Rinehart and Winston,2006.
  • “Immigration Reform.” CNN.  CNN’s Ashley Killough: 5th February.2013:A1   

IA #7 Chapter

Have you ever about technology and how much we have accomplished. Since hundreds of years ago we have been involved with technology from all over the world. Technology has existed and still exists now 2013.

If we go back all the way to 1270 you will notice that in china they also began to create/discover new technology. For example “During the Song dynasty, Chinese farming was tough but they reached new heights which were due to new irrigation techniques.” For example, “some farmers dug underground wells.” Then a new irrigation device was created called dragon backbone pump. For what was the dragon backbone used for?  The dragon backbone allowed one person to do the work of several. This was a light and portable pump which a farmer could scoop up water and pours it into an irrigation canal. The amount of land under cultivation just kept increasing. And technology kept on going.

Now we go all the way to the 1700s and you will notice that technology will keep on growing more and more. “In 1769 an Englishman named Richard Arkwright invented a useful machine called the water frame.” What the water frame did is it produces dozens of cotton threads at the same time. The result of this invention is it lowered the cost of cotton cloth and increased the speed of textile production. In order for the water frame to work it was powered by water. The water frames were mostly built near a rivers and streams, for the water needed. Then this useful source of technology soon became the most productive in Britain.  

Technology today is really popular. Where ever it is you go there is always technology surrounding you because it has become so popular that there are more of the same products coming out with but with better features. For example the company Apple is a really popular company that manufactures good electronics. “To re-accelerate growth, Apple likely needs to launch new products, yet few seem likely before June,” Nomura Security’s Stuart Jeffrey wrote down in a note. “iOS 7 could have the greatest impact, yet recent management changes suggest a major advance is unlikely in the near-term. A China Mobile deal could also boost the stock, yet the timing of this remains uncertain … this leaves only a $300 iPhone or a premium iPhone as likely catalysts.” So you see more and more technology every time.


Holt California Social Studies United States History: Independence to 1914 ©2006

Holt California Social Studies World History: Medieval to Early Modern Times ©2006

Article “Apple’s post-earnings stock slide continues” by: Josh Lowensohn


Chapter 10 Essay

Chapter 10 Essay
Economy. Why is economy important or why is it used everywhere. Economy is what keeps a society running and making it a better place. Economy has existed since long ago.

Economy has been running since about 5,000 years ago, during the early West African societies. At a point Africa grew so much food that they had so much to survive with. So they decided to trade goods. They started to trade in area’s resources with buyers who lived thousands of miles away. But there would also be some complications sometimes. For example, supplies could run out, thieves could attack, and caravans could lose their way. A piece of evidence was found the 7th grade history book “Despite these dangers, West Africa’s gold and salt mines became a source of great wealth. Camels carried salt from the mines of the Sahara to the south to trade for gold. Traders then took the gold north, to Europe and the Islamic world. Along with gold and salt, traders carried cloth, copper, silver, and other items.” These are some basic examples of what formed economy and what runs economy.

In the year 1849 about 80,000 gold-seekers came to California, hoping to strike it rich, which were called the forty-niners. California had found gold and lead for the economy to have a big growth! In addition to rapid population growth, a flood of new businesses and industries transformed California’s economy. According to the 8th grade history book “Gold mining remained an important part of the state’s early economy. But Californians soon discovered other ways to make a living. Farming and ranching, for example, became industries for those willing to do the necessary hard labor. California faced an obstacle to growth, though.” The state was isolated from the rest of the country, and so it was complex to bring in and ship out goods. The answer to the isolation problem was to bring the railroad all the way to California. And the people who lived in California would have to wait almost 20 years for that. Completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869 at last gave Californians the means to grow a stronger economy.

There is a lot happening today about economy. For example policymakers in the United States won’t hike until jobless rate slides to 6.5%. The economy is at a step but with the plan of making trillions of dollars then that will make economy problems and unemployment rate decrease. According to the IBD article “Fed to buy $1 trillion in asserts next year as it expands QE,” Jason ma “the federal reserve more than doubled the rate of its net bond buying and set guidelines for keeping interest rates near zero that explicitly tolerate short-term inflation about its two percent target.” So this article is basically saying that the U.S will not stop printing money until forever, they see improvement.


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Holt California Social Studies World History: Medieval to Early Modern Times ©2006

Investor’s Business Daily article